Bird and Habitat Conservation through Sustainable Community Empowerment in the Menoreh landscape, Jatimulyo Village, Kulonprogo, Yogyakarta
Jatimulyo village, Girimulyo sub-district, which is part of Landscape Manoreh in the western part of the Special Province Yogyakarta, which belongs to the Kulonprogo district. Before 1990 Jatimulyo village area was a paddy field area (interview by Yayasan Kanopi Indonesia, 2019) and currently, the entire area of Jatimulyo village which is 1,629.06 hectares is an agroforestry area managed by the community with commodities such as hardwood, spices, coconut sugar, palm products, coffee, cocoa, and fruits. Durian, mangosteen, and petai are the main commodities of this village.
Smallholder forests (agroforests) are an important aspect of this area. In addition to being a supporter of the community’s economy, agroforest vegetation cover is also related to various other aspects, including maintaining water resources, retaining landslides, and of course becoming a flora-fauna habitat. The existence of agroforestry in Jatimulyo village supports the existence of 104 species of birds (Taufikurahman et al. 2019) or 30.59% of bird species in Yogyakarta, and 5 species such as Ruby-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus dispar (LC), Java Sparrow Lonchura oryzivora (EN), Zosterops spp. (LC), Hill Blue Flycatcher Cyornis banyumas (LC), Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach (LC) found in this region are included in the Top 28 priority species IUCN Red List status in Conservation Strategy for Southeast Asian Songbirds in Trade (Lee et al. 2016).
Jatimulyo Village area itself is not a conservation area and to protect the environment and biodiversity the Jatimulyo Village government-issued Village Regulation (Perdes.) No. 8/2014 concerning Environmental Conservation. In its implementation, there are still many people in Jatimulyo who are not aware of the perdes. Even between 2015-2016 people were still free to catch birds found in the Jatimulyo area and according to Kelik Suparno (interview by Yayasan Kanopi Indonesia, 2019).